Gun congressional lawmakers to do more than

Gun control is getting worse in America almost everyday. The whole reason why the government wants to ban guns or modify a gun is because they think that will stop gun violence and stop mass shootings. Every time that there is a mass shooting the government puts a new law into place, modifying all weapons. “Gun control is the set of laws or policies that regulate the manufacture sale modification or use of firearms by citizen”. A heavily armed gunman walked into Sandy Hook elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut, and opened fire. When he was done, he killed 26 people, including 20 children, most of them with an assault style rifle equipped with high capacity magazines. The final shot that he made was from a handgun, killing himself. The massacre shocked the nation’s collective conscience and spurred calls to congressional lawmakers to do more than offer their thoughts and prayers. They have become commonplace in aftermath of mass shootings in the US. Many argued that this tragedy, like many before and after it, demanded meaningful action. The White House sprung into action assembling a task force. They included more items like reinstating the assault weapons ban and restoring a 10 round limit on every nation magazines, measures designed to target the specific weapons used by the government.  Even with so many laws to minimize or prevent deaths and accidents by guns, the death rate is still horribly high.  Just in America more than 100,000 people are shot due to murders, assaults, suicides and suicide attempts, accidents or by police intervention.  31,537 people die from gun violence. 11,583 people are murdered, and 18,783 people kill themselves.  Their are estimates anywhere from 270 million to 310 million guns in the united states. Those numbers are close to having one firearm for every man, women, and child in America.  Thirty-six to forty-nine percent of households own a gun, while twenty-three to thirty-six percent of adults own guns. There are seven race groups owning guns in America, forty-five percent are male, fifteen percent are female, thirty-three percent are white, twenty-two percent are non-white, thirty-eight percent are republican, thirty-one percent are independent, and twenty-two percent are democrats.  As of 2013, a poll was taken, asking gun owners to state why they own a gun(s).  Sixty percent use firearms for protection against crime, thirty-six percent for hunting, and twenty-one use firearms for recreation and target shooting.  A nationwide survey was taken in 1993 and in the next five years after that, five percent of households had members use a gun for protection in which they feared someone in their home would be killed.Some people are restricted from purchasing or possessing firearms. Those people are some that have been in a mental institution, they are not aloud to purchase firearms, due to the fact that they pose a threat to not only themselves but to society.   People with prior felony convictions that included a prison sentence exceeding one year, or misdemeanors carrying sentences of more than two years, also are not aloud to purchase firearms.  Unfortunately there are still ways for those certain citizens to obtain a firearm.  They can steal or pay someone to buy a firearm for them to use, more than likely to commit another crime. The federal law also blocks the sales of firearms to anyone how as found guilty of unlawful possession or using controlled substances within the past year. This includes marijuana, which though, legalized in many US states, remains illegal under federal law. The Second Amendment serves as the legal basis for the “right of the people to keep and bear arms.” Though state and local governments regulate if residents may, carry guns in public laws regulating who may receive or possess guns are set out at the federal level.A background check is required to purchase a firearm, the amendment to the 1968 gun control act known as the Brady Handgun Violence Preventions Act of 1993, requires holders of FFL’s to conduct a background check. Potential firearm purchasers fill out a federal form known as the ATF, which checks for prior convictions and any other indicator as to deny a request for purchasing a firearm.   Mainly the FBI’s National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) work on background checks, but states may consider or follow through with merging the NICS and State Agency Information to complete all examinations for each owning a firearm request.  Depending on the NICS is roughly 30 states.  A background check is estimated to take under ten minutes, you can do so by phone or online.  The FFL holder can get an immediate answer…approve, delay or deny.  If given a delay, it suggests further research, which can take three business days.  After research if proven inconclusive the FFL holders can act at their own discretion.  To carry a handgun almost all states require a permit.  Some states allow their residents to carry only handguns without a permit.  Concealed and open carry very by state.  By comparison, fundamentally no state requires a permit to carry rifles and shotguns.  Only two states, Massachusetts and New Jersey allow carrying rifles and shotguns as long as the carrier have a form of identification or a firearms identification with them at all times of carry.   To acquire permits to carry in the state of California, you must pass a written test and enroll in a gun safety class.  “Other states with this necessary condition do not recognize the “concealed carry reciprocity” policies of some states, which allow gun owners licensed in one state to bring their weapons to another.  California, Connecticut and Hawaii are the only three states that require a permit to be able to purchase rifles and shotguns.  Of all 50 states only a dozen states require purchase permits for handguns.  As stated by the (ATF) Automatic Transmission Fluid “Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and explosives (US Department of Justice)” anyone can sell a firearm without and FFL from their home, online, at a gun show or at a flea market,as long as the individual is not conducting the sale as part of the regular business activity.  Two examples are if someone sells one or more firearms to someone for a personal collection.  Another example would be someone giving guns as gifts.  Those whose only intention is to make profit must secure an FFL.  Someone with a criminal background can obtain a firearm on behalf of a third party, but they would be breaking federal restrictions on gun ownership.  A third party firearm gift can be given in the regulations following the federal restrictions to the best of the givers knowledge.   Children younger than 18 years of age may receive a gun given to them by a parent or guardian as gifts provided that they have written permission. Just as the United states is a clear outlier in the international context, the South is a clear outlier in the national context.  The rate of mass shootings in the recent years could be leading more people to favor stronger gun laws, even in the gun-friendly south.  In 11 southern states a favor would like a ban on assault-style weapons.  There’s a 49 percent in favor of the ban and 46 percent in those who oppose.  Democrats and African-Americans are more likely to favor a ban, with 72 percent and 62 percent, respectively, telling pollsters they want a ban.  47 percent of white southerners also said they favor stopping the sale of high powered, semi automatic weapons, while 49 percent oppose a ban.   While many own a gun, only 44 percent would like to see a change in the law, but not ban firearms. When asked an anonymous survey taker was asked about their belief in gun laws, and they stated what they feel to not only be their mindset, but the mindset of others like them, “Responsible gun owners only want responsible people to own guns.  The federal government has explicitly banned research on gun violence, it’s a common refrain among gun-reform advocates, lawmakers, and the press.  Though that’s not  what the law states.  In 1966, at the National Rifle Association, Representative Jay Dickey of Arkansas put into place an appropriations bill that barred the centers for disease control and prevention from funding research to “advocate or promote gun control”.  While that particular stipulation does not formally forbid the agency from conducting gun-violence research, CDC officials chose to interpret it as a prohibition because they feared political retribution.  Chicago has the highest gun violence rating in American cities.  Last year alone, the city recorded 762 homicides, and more than 3,000 shooting incidents, the most in more than two decades.  On a per-capita basis, Chicago’s homicide rate is lower than seven other cities in America.  For instance, St. Louis has a homicide rate twice as high as Chicago.  At least 6,875 people have fatally been shot by romantic partners between 2006 and 2014, the Associated Press studied and found this data was just in the U.S.  Eighty percent of the victims were  women.  That would mean 554 women have been fatally shot by a former or current romantic partner, over the nine years of examination.  The homicide rate in New York City, which has plunges dramatically since the mid 1990s, approached historic lows in 2016, registering at 3.9 per 100,000 residents.  Chicago’s rate soared, to 28.6 per 100,000.  Citywide statistics can be deceptive, obscuring the true lived experience of gun violence.  Almost about a dozen neighborhoods in Chicago didn’t experience a single homicide.  In others, the homicide rate in one neighborhood was nearly three times that of the city as a whole. Some of  New York neighborhoods still have to deal with gun violence that has a strong grip, even as the city as a whole has grown significantly safer.  This dynamic is sometimes known as “murder inequality”.  Understanding the huge disparity in homicide rates is vital, it can provide policymakers, law enforcement, and violence interventionists with a blueprint for where resources are needed most.  The National Rifle Association has successfully pushed a cluster of state legislatures to bring back long standing restrictions on guns, over the last decade.  In a dozen states permits to carry are not required, firearms permitted on college campuses, in churches and bars, these places are all allowed due to laws that have been enacted all over the country.  One reason for these major shifts, which often don’t win support in the public eye, is the NRA’s influence over state lawmakers.  Currently, a majority of legislators in 32 states have a grade of A or better from the gun group.  In the past two decades (defined by the civilian owned firearms) American gun ownership has radically changed.  The National Firearms Survey, conducted by public health researchers at Harvard and Northeastern universities, was the first comprehensive measure of gun owners’ habits and attitudes since 1994.  Research showed that Americans own approximately 265 million firearms, an increase of 70 million since the last a survey of this topic had been conducted.  Most of that increase was due to the uprise in the popularity of handguns.  More americans buy handguns to primarily protect themselves and their families rather than to hunt.  American is served by approximately 60,000 licensed gun retailers in the country.  Two-thirds of the 33,000 annual gun deaths in America are suicides-and rates are increasing.  In 21 states, between 1991 and 2015 the gun-suicide rate rose.  The greatest uprise was in Alaska and North Dakota, with notable rises in Oklahoma, Delaware, and New Hampshire.  A study at the Boston University School of Public Health a study suggests that there’s a connection between a states gun regulation and it’s suicide rate.  States with stricter than average rules tend to have lower firearm-suicide rates, while states with fewer regulations (and lower populations) experience higher rates.  In states with relaxed gun laws, cars have become the main target for thieves looking for guns to steal.  Between 2006 and 2015, 100 major cities had recorded at least 57,700 firearms had been reportedly swiped from a vehicle.  In 2015 alone, San Antonio and Atlanta had each counted 850 guns stolen from vehicles.   That is more than two per day.  The Harvard and Northeastern study estimates that 380,000 firearms are stolen every year in the United States.  This study proves that if carrying outside of home or storing in a cars more than doubles the chances of theft.  Over the last seven years, the NRA’s core purpose has broadened considerably.  While still preoccupied with gun rights, the NRA has evolved into a de facto organ of the Republican party, devoting a huge portion of its vast monetary resources to preserving and expanding GOP power.  In February, the NRA officially appointed itself president Trump’s’ chief defender, calling on its members to take part in a “counter resistance” movement against the administration’s detractors.  In cities like Baltimore, where shootings have spiked over the past few years, police have noticed a trend that is disturbing.  Firearms turning up at crime scenes with larger and larger magazines that their equipped with.  A high-capacity magazine on a gun gives a shooter five more rounds before they have to stop and reload.  Some gun experts say a gun that enables five or more rounds on a magazine is more deadly than its make or model.  According to one study, assault weapons and/or guns equipped with high-capacity magazines were used in sixty-four percent of mass shootings from 1984 to 2016, and killed more than three times the number of people than those shootings committed with smaller magazines.  Earlier this year, researchers updated one of the most divise statistics in the gun debate-the percentage of gun owners who purchase weapons without a background check.  Twenty-two percent of owners have admitted to acquiring a gun within the past two years, and doing so without a screening.  That’s a forty percent statistic used by politicians and researchers for more than two decades.