Sexuality to design, develop and to evaluate

Sexuality education is lifelong education that encompasses sexual development, human reproduction, health, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy, body language and, gender roles. Sexuality education is important to provide information, development of values and attitudes, interpersonal skills, and a sense of responsibility in children with learning disabilities (LD). However, the lack of confidence among teachers and parents, and the lack of  teaching materials pose great challenges to the delivery of sexuality education to these children. This study had two purposes. The first purpose was to perform a needs analysis to identify the teachers and parents perceptions on the needs of sexuality education for children with LD, and to identify the appropriate content to be included in a sexuality education module for LD at secondary level. The second purpose was to design, develop and to evaluate a sexuality education module for secondary students with LD. The module was evaluated for both quality and for social acceptance. A mixed-method research design with QUAN-qual model was implemented in three phases. Phase I was a needs analysis survey on sexuality education for LD.  Phase II was to design and develop a sexuality education module based on the results obtained from Phase I. Phase III was an evaluation study to assess quality and social acceptance of the developed module by the stakeholders. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis, Chi square, Spearman Rank Order, ANOVA, MANOVA and qualitative analysis were used to analyze the data obtained. Phase I involved 314 teachers and parents. Findings indicated that although the teachers and parents were positive towards sexuality education for LD, they lacked confidence towards self and towards the existing curriculum in delivering sexuality education to LD children. Apart from this finding, 24 topics on sexuality education were also identified as suitable content for the sexuality education module. These topics were used as input to design and develop the module in Phase II. The result from Phase II is a complete sexuality education module named Module of Sexuality Education for Learning Disabilities (MPSMP). This module contained 24 topics and 48 sub-sections. Subsequently, the MPSMP module was evaluated in terms of quality (content, potential effectiveness and overall satisfaction) and social  xxvi  acceptance by another group of 89 teachers and 59 parents. Findings showed that MPSMP was perceived to be of good quality and was found to be socially acceptable by special education teachers and parents. In conclusion, this study showed that needs analysis from stakeholders was neccessary for developing the modules due to the sensitivity of the curriculum area. The major contribution of this study was a  comprehensive sexuality education module, which had been evaluated and found to be ready for use by teachers and parents to teach sexuality education to secondary LD children