Supply chain management is an organization where the company maximizes customer value and achieve a maintainable competitive advantage. It indicates a functional effort in the supply chain sector to progress and run supply chains in the most effective & resourceful ways possible. Supply Chain Management is Simultaneous with the necessary systems for the organization to develop information about the importance of product development, procurement, production, and supply.
There are two principle ideas in Supply Chain Management:
The first idea is every product that influences essentially at the end user characterises the upward effort of many organizations. These organizations are mentioned to communally as the supply chain.There is the second idea where, supply chains have seemed for a long period, where the activities started from the row materials till to the customers hand in between the whole processes are into the Supply Chain Management, moreover collecting row material, manufacture the product, distribute to the customers. Physical Flows
Physical flows are involved directly to the conversion, storage and movement of goods and materials. They are the most remarkable part of the supply chain. Where’s information flows are most important and co related to the supply chain management. (state, n.d.)
The many supply chain partners can coordinate their long-term plans by the Information flows, and to check the everyday flow of goods and materials fluctuate the supply chain. (state, n.d.)
The importance of Supply Chain Management
It is well known that supply chain management is an integral part of the business and the success and customer satisfaction of the company is essential.
Boost Customer Service
Customers expect the right item combination and amount to be conveyed.
· Customers are expected to find the product at the right location. (I.e., if an auto repair shop does not have the necessary parts of the stock, the customer reduces the satisfaction and cannot fix your car for extra or two days).
Customers expect products to be delivered in the right time and serviced should be first as much as possible.
Reduce Operating Costs
Decreases Purchasing Cost – Purchasing cost can be reduced by decreasing delivery cost. Decreases Production Cost – Manufacturers to produce goods and relied on the supply chain to provide reliable materials to avoid any shortage of materials, which will be produced.Decreases Total Supply Chain Cost –
– Smart management of labour force
– A well record of inventory would help to decrease supply chain costs.
– Warehouse IT management also can be effected on SCM, where many cost will be
saved. (Floship, 2017)
Improve Quality of Life
Foundation for Economic Growth – Supply chain infrastructure are highly developed by our modern societies (modern highway system, massive railroad network, plentiful modern ports, and airports) and therefore, capable of transporting many goods between businesses and consumers very fast at a low cost. As an output, the economy grows. Improves Standard of Living – Because of, modern society the price of products is more stable and reasonable where consumer can afford to buy more products with their income thereby raising the standard of living in the society.Job Creation – Now a days Supply chain covers the more than half percent of job profession in entire the world. E.g. transportation, logistics, customer services, etc.