The for the superintendent to navigate. The

The
research examines the perceived shortage of school superintendents assessing
the conditions of the position and underlying factors that entice principals
into seeking out the job. The researchers surveyed a random sample of Ohio
principals, receiving usable responses from 508 of these administrators.

Analysis of the data revealed that principals perceived the ability to make a
difference and the extrinsic motivators (e.g., salary and benefits) associated
with the superintendency as conditions salient to the decision to pursue such a
job. According to the respondents, some of the difficulties associated with the
superintendency were: (1) increased burden of responsibility for local, state,
and federal mandates; (2) need to be accountable for outcomes that are beyond
an educator’s control; (3) low levels of board support, and (4) excessive
pressure to perform. The researchers provided some guidance to those policy
makers who are looking for ways to make the superintendency more attractive as
a career move for principals. This would include the suggestion that policy
makers design incentives that address evaluation tools making a difference more
measurable and attainable at the district level. There was also a need to
lessen federal, state, and local external mandates that create more obstacles
and hoops for the superintendent to navigate. The superintendent position has
been a demanding position that has required both physical and mental stamina
(Domenech, 1996). Superintendents have dealt with difficult situations among
school board members and with competing agendas. “School districts are
under intense pressure from state and federal governments, school boards,
unions, courts, tight budgets, diverse parent interests and the increasingly
complex needs of children” (Hall & Difford, 1992, p. 4).

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