Tiger is an
iconic species and tiger conservation has become a topic of interest and issue
all over the world. Their dwindling numbers have triggered the Government authorities to take action and come up with
steps to ensure they do not meet the fate of the numerous other flora and fauna
which have been wiped of the face of this planet.
There has been an alarmingly drastic fall in the number of
tigers since the turn of the 20th century. This free fall in the
tiger population can be attributed to numerous causes. Lack of health
management of wildlife is one of the prime causes in the dwindling population .
Diseases like ‘Feline Panleucopania'(highly contagious and can be fatal), tuberculosis,
sarcosystis,etc. have led to the decimation of many animals including tigers. recent
studies by various conservation societies have attributed diseases like ‘canine
distemper virus’ as a potential driver in pushing the tigers towards extinction.
lack of research in this aspect and its impact on tiger population have never
been studied which is likely to lead to more loss of tigers.
Studies regarding Loss of habitat and prey depletion have
revealed that it is one of the major causes of pushing tigers towards
extinction. A tiger needs to eat about 50 deer sized animals or 6600 pounds of
living prey every year . but due to prey depletion, tiger population has
Interpol has valued illegal wildlife trade at $32 billion in
2011. Studies reveal tigers were killed for mere Rs. 5000 and sold in the international market for
hefty sum of $50000 by smugglers. Studies by various wildlife units reveal that
the areas in the fringes of the park are easy target for poachers which has
also contributed to the falling tiger numbers. Traditional remedies and folk
remedies are one of the reasons for poaching and illegal trade of tigers.
The tiger being at the top of the food chain, endangerment
of it can lead to disruption in the food chain. This disruption has far reaching and long
lasting effects on biodiversity which impacts local communities, habitats and
other species which are a part of the same ecosystem. Tiger extinction causes
an imbalance in the food chain as it leads to increase in the herbivore population
thus affecting the flora. Tigers are a main source of attraction for tourism,
so their dwindling numbers will affect the revenue from tourism. There are many
species which will be affected by the extinction of tigers and theses species
are already struggling for their survival.
The tiger is a famous species, and tiger protection is engaged
with endaevours to keep the creature from getting noticeably wiped out and
safeguarding its common natural surroundings.
Project Tiger is a tiger preservation program launched in 1973
by the Government of India amid Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s tenure. The project
aims at guaranteeing a reasonable populace of Bengal tigers in their natural
environment and furthermore shield them from elimination, and safeguarding
territories of organic significance over the tiger’s dispersion in the nation. The
project’s task force envisioned these tiger reserves as rearing cores, from
which surplus creatures would relocate to neighbouring woods.
Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body of the Ministry, with
an all-encompassing supervisory/coordination role, performing capacities as
gave in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) principles are
statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives
accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a
basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.
for an oversight by Parliament.
livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.