Today we will be talking William Trotter. William Trotter played a big part in the early twentieth century Civil Rights movement. He was known for launching the first challenge to the political dominance of Tuskegee Institute founder of Booker T. Washington and helpful for the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He is also the founder of the Boston Guardian, The national Negro Suffrage League, the Niagara Movement, and the Negro American Political League. William Trotter was born April 7, 1872 in Chillicothe Ohio. He was raised up in Hyde Park neighborhood of Boston. His dad was a writer who worked in the real estate. William was exposed to education and equal rights activism from his father James who was a rare black Democrat who supported New York Grover Cleveland in his successful bid for President in 1884. He was the first African American person to attend Phi Beta Kappa and got his bachelor degree.Then later got a degree from harvard for finance. Then he tried to go get a job as a banker but he was rejected because of his race. Trotter excelled in academics growing up, becoming his predominantly-white high school’s class president and attending Harvard University in the early 1890s. He made history as Harvard’s first African-American student to become a member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor fraternity before graduating magna cum laude from the school in 1895, later earning a masters. Stalled from going into banking due to discrimination, Trotter worked in real estate. In 1899, he married Geraldine L. Pindell. Trotter challenge of Washington’s policies began in 1901 with his founding of the Guardian, and the Boston Literary and Historical Association, Which was a forum designed to attract potential opponents of Washington including, most notably, W.E.B. DuBois. Trotter’s first personal encounter with Washington came in 1903 when he interrupted the Tuskegee, Alabama educator’s address to a National Negro Business League meeting at Boston’s AME Zion Church. Trotter referred to Washington as “the Great Traitor” and “Benedict Arnold” and subsequently was arrested and convicted for disorderly conduct. Trotter spent 30 days in jail because of the conviction. Some civil rights leaders believed that Trotter’s arrest had been orchestrated by supporters of Washington; Trotter quickly became the national symbol of opposition to Washington’s Tuskegee Machine, an organization of Washington supporters who exercised almost dictatorial power over the African American community. Trotter work was mostly important during the Civil Rights Movement that was 1950 and 60’s. Trotter was the most outspoken critic towards Booker T. Washington. (W. E. B. Du Bois wrote a tribute in Crisis magazine: “Monroe Trotter was a man of heroic proportions and probably one of the most selfless Negro leaders during all our American history.” Though Du Bois did not always support the views and public actions of his former colleague, he recognized, as did many African American leaders after Trotter’s death, the genuine devotion of this civil rights activist.) (In July 1905, 29 opponents of Washington, including Trotter and W.E.B. DuBois, met in Niagara Falls, Canada to form the all-black Niagara Movement, the first organization to challenge Washington’s power, and the first black-oriented civil rights organization formed in the twentieth century. During the meeting, this group drew up a manifesto, demanding voting rights for African Americans, an end to racial segregation and discrimination, and better health care, housing, and schools for the nation’s black population.) These are some thing that William Trotter has did during the civil right movement. As was said he played a big part in the civil right movement. Things he did was very appreciated. He did a lot more that what was said or written on this essay but he did a lot more for his culture and for his brothers and sisters.Known for primarily launching the first major challenge to the political dominance of Tuskegee Institute founder of Booker T. Washington and as a inspiration for the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He is also the founder of the Boston Guardian, The national Negro Suffrage League, the Niagara Movement, and the Negro American Political League.