William in another moon. But oh, methinks

William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor. He has inspired many to do his work and carry on his legacy. Shakespeare was also an eminent writer known for integrating several stylistic elements into his pieces. Shakespeare often applied the themes of love and revenge into these pieces. Shakespeare also implemented literary terms to better approach these themes. Within one of Shakespeare’s prominent play, “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”, Shakespeare incorporates the theme of love. In the comical piece, there are many kinds of love — true love, false love, and unrequited love. Shakespeare established this theme by utilizing symbolism, imagery, and personification to support it. Throughout “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” Shakespeare utilized various literary terms to portray the prevalent theme of love. One literary term that Shakespeare utilized to approach the theme was symbolism. One notable symbol in “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” was the moon. The moon symbolizes the passing of time until Theseus’s and Hippolyta’s wedding. Theseus anticipates the wedding and afterward expresses his impatience by accusing the moon of passing too gradually until their wedding. Theseus states “Now, fair Hippolyta, our nuptial hour draws on apace. Four happy days bring in another moon. But oh, methinks how slow his old moon wanes! She lingers my desires, like to a stepdame or a dowager long withering out a young man’s revenue.” (Shakespeare, 7) In this quote, Theseus compares the moon with an old widow, highlighting how the slow, old moon is keeping him from getting what he wants, just like the old widow makes her “young man” or stepson wait to get his inheritance. Shakespeare uses symbols regularly in his play and in addition to symbolism, Shakespeare utilizes imagery to support the theme of love.Shakespeare developed the theme of love with the use of imagery. One form of imagery that was utilized in “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” was the flower that Cupid’s arrow fell upon. Oberon, the king of the fairies, states “Yet marked I where the bolt of Cupid fell. It fell upon a little western flower, before milk-white, now purple with love’s wound. And maidens call it “love-in-idleness.” Fetch me that flower; the herb I showed thee once. The juice of it on sleeping eyelids laid will make or man or woman madly dote upon the next live creature that it sees.” (Shakespeare, 45) The description helps Shakespeare’s audience visualize the flower turning from white to purple when wounded by the arrow of love. The description goes on to explain how the love juice, if placed on someone’s eyelids, would make them fall in love with the next creature they see. The example of imagery supports the theme of love because the example of imagery describes the physical appearance of the flower as well as the flower’s involvement with the story later on. Shakespeare not only employed symbolism and imagery to support his theme of love, but he also utilized personification.    Furthermore, Shakespeare developed the theme of love with the use of personification. Personification is employed when Theseus compares a virgin and married woman to parts of a rose. Theseus states “But earthlier happy is the rose distilled than that which, withering on the virgin thorn, grows, lives, and dies in single blessedness.” (Shakespeare, 11) In this quote, Theseus states that a married woman is like a rose who is picked and turned into a beautiful perfume, while a priestess or virgin woman withers away on the stem. The personification of the rose supports the theme of love because it shows how being married would allow a woman to be useful while having the status of a virgin would be fruitless.Overall, Shakespeare formulated a comedy that had both a comical and serious tone. “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” incorporated the themes of love and revenge, which is two of the various themes that Shakespeare explored in his pieces. Shakespeare effectively developed the theme with the use of symbolism, imagery, and personification. Shakespeare’s usage of these literary terms and the numerous themes utilized in his pieces were a testimony to Shakespeare’s ability as a playwright.