?? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ZigBee. ??

?? Internet of Things (IoT) ????? ? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???
????????????, ?????????? ??????????? ????????, ????  ??????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ????????????
??? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????????? ?????????????. ??? ? ????????
??? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????.  ?? ????????? ??? IoT ?????
??????, ???? smart homes,
?????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????, ???????? ?????????????? ???????,
?????????????? ??????? ???????, ???????????, ????? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ???
??? ??????????? ? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ??????????. ??????????
???? ???? ???????? ??? IoT ??? ?? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????
?????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????????. ? ??????
????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ????????, ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ???
????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????.
??????? ?? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ???? ?? Bluetooth, WiFi, Gprs/Gsm ??? ????. ?? ??????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???
???????????????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????,
???? ?? ??????? ??? ??????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????????
???? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ??????????? ????. ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ZigBee.

?? ZigBee ????? ??????????
??? ?????? ??? Wireless Personal Area Networks(WPANs), ?????????????? ??? ???
??????? ZigBee Alliance ?? ?????????? ?? ?? ????? IEEE 802.15.4. ?????????????? ?? ????? ?? ???????????? ?????????
??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??????. ????????? ??? ?????????????
?? ZigBee, ????? ?????
??? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ???????? ???
??????? ???????? ????????? ???? ????? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???
?????????? ?? ?????????, ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????????, ?? ????????
????? ????? ?? ???????, ??? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????????.

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To ZigBee ???
?? ????????? ??? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ?? ?????????? ???
????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????. ?? ?????????? ??
????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ?????? 4 ??? 32 KB. ?? ??????? ?? ???????????
?????????? ??? ????????  ???? ????????
??? 100 ??? 1000 + ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????????, ?? ???????? ??? ??????? ??
????????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???????????? ZigBee ????? ???????? ????????????, ?
???????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?? 100+ ?????. ???? ???????? ?? ?????
????????? ????????? ????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? 20 ??? 250
Kb/S ???? ??? ??
??????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???? ? ??????. ??? ???????? ??????
????????? ?? ?????????????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?????????????? ????? ???????
??????????? ????????? ?????????.

     

?? ????????????? ??? ?? ????? ??
??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??? ???????
???????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????. ?????? ??
????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?????????, ?????
??????? ??? ?????????.  ?? ??????????
?????????? ?????  65000 ??????? ?? ???
?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ????????? IoT ???
????????? > ??????????. ? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???  ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?????
???? ?? ??????????? ???? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? Wi-Fi ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?? ????????
????? ??? ??? ???????  ??? ?????????.

???? ?????????????? ??? ZigBee ?????
? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ????????????? ?? 128-bit AES encryption, ??????????? ??
???????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????????, ??????? ??? ????????.

?????? ???????? ???? ??? ZigBee Alliance  ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ??? ???????
??? ????????? ZigBee ???? ? Atmel,
Freescale, MaxStream, Texas Instruments, Intel, Somfy, Mattel ???
?????. ?? ??????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ??? ?? ?????????????? ?? ????
??????? ?? ????????? ??? IoT ???? ??????? ?????????????, ??????????? ??? ???,
????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??????????, ??????? ??????? ????????,
?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ??????
?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????  ??????????. 

?? ZigBee ???? ????
?? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ???? ????????????? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ??
?????? ?????????. ???? ?????? ??? ???????????? ZigBee ?????? ??
???????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????
?????????, ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????????????, ??? ??????????? ???
??????????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??????????????? ????????. ?
??????????? ???????? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ??????
??? ??? ???? ??? ???????????? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ? ???
????????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ???
?????????? ZigBee. ??
????????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ZigBee ????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????????
??? ?? ???????????.  

?? ????????? ????????? ?????
????? ??? ?  ???????????? ??? ???? ?????
???????? ??? ??????  ??? ?????????
?????????????, ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????, ???? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????,
??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ???????? ???.
? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ???? snooping, ??????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??
??????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??
???? ??? ???????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??? MAC address. ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????????????
??? ?????? ??? ??????? ????????? (???? wireshark ? ????????? ????????????) ???
????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?? ????
?????? ?????????, ?? ???? ???? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??
????????????? ????????? ????. ???? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????????.
?????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?? application ??? ??????????????
???????????? ?? ????? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???
????????? ??? ???????????????? ??? ?? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????
????.    (Frankel, S,2007).

?? ??????????? ????????? ?????
????? ??? ????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ZigBee. ? ???????????? ???  ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ???
??????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ?????????, ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??
???????????????. ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? Spoofing attack ???? ?
???????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??????. ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ZigBee  ?????? ???? ? ???????????? ??? ?????????????
??? AES ????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ZigBee, ???? ?? ??????? ???????????? ???
??? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????, ???? ??? ????????????? ???????
?????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ????? ??????, ???? ?????? ?? ?????????
???????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???????????????? bot ???????
??????? ??? ??????????? ??? internet.
??? ???? ??????? ????? ? man in the middle attack,
??? ? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? snooping ???????
????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??  ???
?? ????? ???????????????? ???????, denial of service attack ?????
?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ????????, ??????
?? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??
????? ????? ????????? ??? ZigBee ??? ?? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ?????? ??
???????????. (Frankel, S,2007)).

???? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?? ZigBee ??????????
?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???? ??
???? ???? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ? ????? ??? ???????
?????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? IoT.
?? ????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? Smart Homes ???
??? ?????????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????????????.

?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???
????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ????????. ?? ???????
?????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????? ??? ????????????? ??? ???? ???? barcode ??? ????????????? ??
?????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???? ?????. ? ??????? ???????????? ???
???????? ???? ?????????????? ????????????. ???? ??? ???? ??????????????
????????? ??? ??? ???? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??? manual ????????????
??? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ??????? ???????. ????
?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? barcodes ??? ??
???????????? ??? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??
?????????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? admin ??? free ???????? ??
???????? ?? barcodes ??? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ?? ????????????
barcodes. ????
??????????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ?? ?? barcodes ??
??????????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???
????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????
??? ????????? ??? ??????. ? ??????????? ???????????? ????? ????? ???
???????  ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ???
??? ????????? ??????. ??? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??? ?? ???????
??????????????? ??? ????? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????????
barcode ?????? ?? ?? manual ??? ????????. ?? ??????? ??????????? ?? manual ??? ??????
??? internet ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??????
???????? ?? ????  ???? barcodes ??? ??
???????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????. ??? ? ?????? ????? ??????
??? ???????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??? ???????. ?? ??? ????????????
????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ???????? ??? ?
??????? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???????????????? ????????? ??? ???
???? ???????????. ??? ?? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??????????
?? ???????? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? ????????? ???
?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???
??? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????? ??? manual ?? ??? ????? ???????? ???? internet ????
?? ????????? ???? ?? ????????????????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ???????.

??? ???? ??????????? ??? ??????
?? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?????????. ????? ?????????? ????
????????? ??????? ?? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???? IP address ????
??? ??????. ?? ???????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????????
?????????????? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??? ???????????????
?? ???????, ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??
????????????????? ???????. ??????? ? ???????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????  ??????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ???
???????? ?????? ??????? ?????????. ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ????? ???
?? hackers ??? ?????????????? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ????????????? ???
?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????????????? ???? ?? ??????????? ???????????
????????? denial of service.
?????? ???????? ??? ip addresses ??? ????????? ??? ???? ?????????  ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ????????? ????
??????????????? ??? ?????? script ??? ???????????? ??? internet ??? ??????? ????????? ??????????
??????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ????? request ??
???????????? site. ??
?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????????
?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ? ?????????? ? ?????????
????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????.
???? ?????? ? ?????????? ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????
??? ??? ??? ???????????  DoS attacks ???
????????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????????? online ?????????
???????? ??? ???????????. ?? ???????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ???
??????? ???? ?????? 2 ?????? ???? ?? ??????????? ??? ???? ???? ?????????? firmware ????
?? ??? ?????????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???
??????? ?? ???? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??? stock ????????
??? ?????. ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ??????
?????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????????. ??
??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???
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???????? ?? ???????????, ??? ?????? ??????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????
???????????? ?? iso ????????? ???????, ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ?????????
??????????? ????????? ??? ?? ????????.